Portrait of Dr Lande Liu Dr Lande Liu

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l.liu@hud.ac.uk | 01484 473583


Lande Liu is a Senior Lecturer in Chemical Engineering at the University of Huddersfield. Prior to Huddersfield, he held a Lectureship in the same discipline at the University of Manchester from 2010 to 2014. Before his appointment in Manchester, Lande was an industrial consultant for two years until 2010 and held research fellowships in Leeds and Sheffield Universities until 2008. Lande gained his PhD from the University of Sheffield in 2004. He was also a visiting PhD in Twente University of the Netherlands in 2002. Before his study in Sheffield, Lande had a MEng degree in chemical engineering, a first degree in applied mathematics and worked in Tsinghua until 1999.

Lande teaches core chemical engineering courses ranging from transport phenomena to unit operations and chemical engineering design. His research interest lies in the fundamental aspects of the interactions between particles across length scales from molecular, nano to granular largely based on his kinetic theory of aggregation.

Research and Scholarship

Perhaps far from noticed, particle aggregation is quite a common phenomenon in many natural and industrial systems. For instance, formation of kidney stone and the clog of blood vessels in human body even the formation of stars in outer space can be said to have something to do with aggregation. Most chemical and engineering processes also involve particles, of large or small, of reactive or non-reactive and of soft or hard, or a mixing of them. The accomplishment (process and product quality assurances) of the processes depends on the successful collision between the particles, i.e., for chemical reaction (conversion of materials), it is fundamentally the Arrhenius Law that determines the reaction rate; while for non-chemical reaction (no change in materials but size), it is the collision success factor (aggregation coefficient) that determines the rate of particle size growing. Some typical processes of the latter include crystallization, emulsification and granulation. Kinetic theory of aggregation is developed in dealing with the behavior of the particles in such systems – the effect of aggregation on conservation laws and constitutive relations in particular how the collision success factor can be calculated.

The key element in this newly developed aggregation kinetic theory is the analytical expression of the collision success factor that has created a fundamental link between the interaction energy of particles and the aggregation coefficient thus the aggregation rate constant. This theory has been successfully applied to nano and granular flow systems. Much effort of using this theory is now being put into the prediction of the primary nucleation for initial crystallization.

Publications and Other Research Outputs


Stetsyuk, V., Kubiak, K., Liu, L. and Chai, J. (2017) ‘An alternative approach to evaluate the average Nusselt number for mixed boundary layer conditions in parallel flow over an isothermal flat plateInternational Journal of Mechanical Engineering Education . ISSN 0306-4190

Stetsyuk, V., Kubiak, K., Liu, L. and Chai, J. (2017) ‘An Alternative Approach to Evaluate the Average Nusselt Number for Mixed Boundary Layer Conditions in Parallel Flow over an Isothermal Flat PlateInternational Journal of Mechanical Engineering Education . ISSN 0306-4190


Liu, L (2015) ‘Aggregation of Silica Nanoparticles in an Aqueous SuspensionAIChE Journal . ISSN 0001-1541

Liu, L (2015) ‘Effects of aggregation on the kinetic properties of particles in fluidised bed granulationPowder Technology , 271, pp. 278-291. ISSN 0032-5910


Liu, L., Li, R., Collins, S., Wang, X., Tweedie, R. and Primrose, K. (2011) ‘Ultrasound spectroscopy and electrical resistance tomography for online characterisation of concentrated emulsions in crossflow membrane emulsificationsPowder Technology , 213 (1-3), pp. 123-131. ISSN 0032-5910

Liu, L (2011) ‘Kinetic theory of aggregation in granular flowAlChE Journal , 57 (12), pp. 3331-3343. ISSN 0001-1541

Liu, L., Akay, G. and Tong, L. (2011) ‘Population balance modelling for a flow induced phase inversion based granulation in a two-dimensional rotating agglomeratorChemical Engineering Research and Design , 89 (1), pp. 39-47. ISSN 0263-8762


Liu, L (2010) ‘Population balance modelling for high concentration nanoparticle sizing with ultrasound spectroscopyPowder Technology , 203 (3), pp. 469-476. ISSN 0032-5910


Liu, L (2009) ‘Application of ultrasound spectroscopy for nanoparticle sizing in high concentration suspensions: A factor analysis on the effects of concentration and frequencyChemical Engineering Science , 64 (23), pp. 5036-5042. ISSN 0009-2509

Li, R., Liu, L., Wang, X., Tweedie, R., Primrose, K., Corbett, J. and McNeil-Watson, F. (2009) ‘Multivariate Statistical Control of Emulsion and Nanoparticle Slurry Processes Based on Process Tomography, Dynamic Light Scattering, and Acoustic Sensor DataComputer Aided Chemical Engineering , 27, pp. 1317-1322. ISSN 1570-7946

Wang, X., Liu, L., Li, R., Tweedie, R., Primrose, K., Corbett, J. and McNeil-Watson, F. (2009) ‘Online monitoring of nanoparticle suspensions using dynamic light scattering, ultrasound spectroscopy and process tomographyComputer Aided Chemical Engineering , 26, pp. 351-356. ISSN 1570-7946

Wang, X., Liu, L., Li, R., Tweedie, R., Primrose, K., Corbett, J. and McNeil-Watson, F. (2009) ‘Online characterisation of nanoparticle suspensions using dynamic light scattering, ultrasound spectroscopy and process tomographyChemical Engineering Research and Design , 87 (6), pp. 874-884. ISSN 0263-8762


Regular reviewer for:

AIChE J, Chemical Engineering Science, Powder Technology, Chemical Engineering Research and Design, Industrial Engineering and Chemistry Research, Review of Scientific Instruments, Applied Acoustics, Analytica Chimica Acta, Journal of Dairy Research, African Journal of Microbiology Research

Recently invited speaker:

  • Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE, January 2015.
  • Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin, China, August 2013.


  • Tianjin University, China.
  • Hebei University of Technology, China.
  • Petroleum Institute, UAE.
  • Rice University, USA.

Research Degree Supervision

I am interested in supervising PhD research within the area of my expertise, i.e., aggregation, kinetic theory and population balance modelling for systems of particles across length scales from molecular, nano to granular sizes and have currently the following projects available.

  • Population balance modeling of asphaltene aggregation and deposition in oil wellbore (collaborated with Petroleum Institute, Abu Dhabi, UAE)
  • Real time high concentration nanoparticle sizing with ultrasound spectroscopy
  • Mechanism and stability of nanoparticles in fluid for heat transfer enhancement
  • Stability of hydrophobic nanoparticle aqueous suspension in drug delivery

If you are interested in any of the above projects, or for more detailed information please do not hesitate to contact me at l.liu@hud.ac.uk. If you have any queries regarding my expertise and would like to discuss further research opportunities, please also do not hesitate to contact me by email.

Postgraduate research opportunities with Dr Lande Liu