Portrait of Dr Walter Mswaka Dr Walter Mswaka

w.mswaka@hud.ac.uk | 01484 473826


Position: Senior Lecturer in Business Strategy


Walter joined the University in August 2007,after more than ten years’ experience of delivering business development and consultancy services in the UK and overseas. His previous appointments include:

  • Project Co-ordinator-Social Enterprise: Barking & Dagenham CVS, London Borough of
  • Barking & Dagenham- Assisted in the establishment of some of the first social enterprises in the borough under the LEGI (Local Economic Growth Initiative) programme.
  • Senior Business Adviser (Social Enterprises): Sheffield Community Enterprise Development Unit (SCEDU) –Was a catalyst in the establishment of a number of sustainable social enterprises in various thematic areas. This included supporting development of social enterprises in non-traditional high growth areas such as commercial transport and information and technology.
  • Technical Adviser (SMEs), Seconded to the Ministry of Industry and Commerce of Zimbabwe. Position funded by the Government of Norway. – Established criteria for business support programmes to develop SMEs across the country.
  • Project Co-ordinator, Chartered Institute of Secretaries and Administrators in Zimbabwe (CIS). Successfully completed feasibility studies for the implementation of a Swedish government funded project called Applied Business Skills (ABS) programme, in Zimbabwe- Led and successfully completed a feasibility for the programme, that influenced policy towards supporting ‘O’ and ‘A’ level school leavers preparing for formal employment or entrepreneurship activities.
  • Business Adviser (SMEs), Business Extension and Advisory Services (BESA)

Walter’s background is therefore in business creation and development. He has extensive experience of offering business advisory and technical support to Small to Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) and Social Enterprises, in both public and private sectors. This also includes delivering a variety of externally funded projects and development interventions. These were mainly focused at assisting individuals within deprived communities to take charge of their lives through enterprise. This included assisting them to develop and understand their business models as well as facilitating further enterprise development through an extensive network of local support agencies and networks. His experience in this arena extends well beyond the UK having also provided business advice and support services in Zimbabwe.


  • 2011: University of Huddersfield – PhD (Social Enterprise Legal Structures)
  • 2008: University of Huddersfield – PCPD
  • 1993: University of Zimbabwe – BBS(Hons)

Research and Scholarship

Walter’s research so far has been focussed on the current discourses on the development of social enterprises in the United Kingdom specifically South Yorkshire and abroad, namely Southern Africa and South America. The work seeks to generate knowledge and debate on the importance of legal structures and governance models for social enterprises as they seek to be sustainable and effective agents of social change.

Areas of future research:

While Walter’s work is mainly focused on understanding the development of social enterprises and the impact of legal structures on their operational effectiveness, he is cognisant of the continuous evolution and the multi-faceted nature of social enterprise development. Consequently this requires a discursive shift towards frameworks that recognize these dimensions of evolution of enterprise. It becomes easier to understand nature and character of social enterprise and various internal and external factors that affect their development and effectiveness.

In the next five years Walter aims to:

  • Continue work on understanding processes of evolution of enterprises and how these influence impact made by social enterprises in tackling deprivation and revitalising cities.
  • Broaden his scope of work and introduce an international dimension to his work especially comparing processes and practices in different continents, particularly South America

Current research projects:

2013 to date: Walter is leading a joint research project between University of Huddersfield and Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais (PUC), Brazil. The focus of the work in on understanding the nature and character of social enterprises involved in recycling activities, in Belo Horizonte, Brazil and Yorkshire, UK.

Publications and Other Research Outputs


Mswaka, W (2016) ‘Book review: Understanding Social Enterprise: Theory and PracticeThe International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation , 17 (4), pp. 268-268. ISSN 1465-7503

Mswaka, W., de Sousa, A., Teodosio, C. and Huifen, L. (2016) ‘Understanding social enterprises in the United Kingdom: the case of South YorkshireEuropean business review , 28 (6), pp. 676-689. ISSN 0955-534X

F�tima do Carmo Guerra, J., dos Santos de Sousa Teodosio, A. and Mswaka, W. (2016) ‘Knowledge and Power of the Civil Society: an empirical study of Brazilian professionals working in the NGOsCosmopolitan Civil Societies: An Interdisciplinary Journal , 8 (1). ISSN 1837-5391


Lamidi, K., Mswaka, W. and Smith, K. (2015) ‘Universities and Regional Contribution to Enhancing Entrepreneurial Ecosystem: Insights from the UK’. In: Academic Proceedings 2015 University-Industry Interaction Conference: Challenges and Solutions for Fostering Entrepreneurial Universities and Collaborative Innovation. Berlin, Germany: University-Industry Interaction Network (UIIN). pp. 364-386. ISBN 978-94-91901-15-7

Mswaka, W (2015) ‘Scenario planning in social enterprises; the case of South YorkshireInternational Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy , 10 (2/3/4), pp. 165-179. ISSN 1740-2824

Lamidi, K., Mswaka, W. and Smith, K. (2015) ‘Advancing Entrepreneurship Passion and Practice: Women in Higher Education ContextInternational Journal of Education and Human Developments , 1 (2), pp. 23-32.

Lamidi, K., Mswaka, W. and Smith, K. (2015) ‘Advancing Organisational Models via Leadership and Governance Role to the Development of Entrepreneurial Universities: The IMOI Perspective’. In: BAM 2015 Conference Proceedings. UK: British Academy of Management (BAM). pp. 1-20. ISBN 978-0-9549608-8-9

Teod�sio, A., Gon�alves-Dias, S., Santos, M. and Mswaka, W. (2015) ‘From Outlaw to Regular Worker: trajectories, challenges and achievements of recyclers running social businesses in Brazil’. In: 5th EMES International Research Conference on Social Enterprise, 30th June - 3rd July 2015, Helsinki, Finland

Mswaka, W (2015) ‘Conceptualisation of social enterprise in the UK: A contemporary perspectiveIberoamerican Journal of Strategic Management , 14 (3), pp. 6-14. ISSN 2176-0756

Borges, Z., Teod�sio, A., de Oliveira, L. and Mswaka, W. (2015) ‘Family Farming, Government and Corporations: A case study about the challenges of rural social enterprises innovations in Brazil’. In: 5th EMES International Research Conference on Social Enterprise, 30th June - 3rd July 2015, Helsinki, Finland

Mswaka, W. and Aluko, O. (2015) ‘Corporate governance practices and outcomes in social enterprises in the UK: a case study of South YorkshireInternational journal of public sector management , 28 (1), pp. 57-71. ISSN 0951-3558


Mswaka, W. and Aluko, O. (2014) ‘Legal structure and outcomes of social enterprise: The case of South Yorkshire, UKLocal Economy , 29 (8), pp. 810-825. ISSN 0269-0942

Lever, J., Wood, A., Meaton, J. and Mswaka, W. (2014) ‘PRME and The Centre for Sustainable and Resilient Communities at the University of Huddersfield,’. In: Inspirational Guide for the Implementation of PRME. Sheffield, UK: Greenleaf Publishing. pp. 55-60. ISBN 978-1-783531-24-0


Mswaka, W. and Aluko, O. (2013) ‘Governance of social enterprises in South Yorkshire, UK: Towards a new orientation’. In: 4th EMES International Research Conference on Social Enterprise, 1st - 4th July 2013, Liege, Belgium


Mswaka, W (2011) Not just for profit: an empirical study of social enterprises in South Yorkshire Doctoral thesis, University of Huddersfield.


Mswaka, W (2010) ‘Social Enterprise and Recovery in Zimbabwe’. In: Moving Forward in Zimbabwe - reducing poverty and promoting growth (2nd edition). Manchester: Brooks World Poverty institute. . ISBN 9780797444072


Mswaka, W (2009) ‘Wither social enterprise? A typology of social enterprises in South Yorkshire’. In: 2nd Emes International Conference on Social Enterprises, 1st - 4th July 2009, Trento, Italy


Prew, M., Mswaka, W. and Nyabadza, B. (1993) 'A' level African history: essay writing skills . Zimbabwe: Longman Zimbabwe. ISBN 9781779030542


  • 2004: Prince’s Trust Business Advisor
  • February 2012: Completed formal training in SROI assessments
  • March 2013: Delivered an inaugural lecture on the state of social enterprises in the UK-Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
  • November 2013 to date: Journal Reviewer – Brazil Journal for Social Businesses-Revista de Administracao de Empresa
  • March 2014 : School governor St Gerards Catholic Primary School, Rotherham
  • May 2014 to date: Associate Journal Editor –Amazon, Organisations and Sustainability (AOS) Brazil

Research Degree Supervision

Walter is interested in supervising research in all aspects of the following areas:

  • Social enterprise
  • Small to Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs)
  • Corporate Governance
  • Micro-finance

Current Student Projects

  • Ms Rosemary Chilufya (PhD) – Regional peace and security and social enterprise
  • Mr Domna Miri (PhD)- Comparison of social entrepreneurship in UK and Nigeria
  • Mr Peter Emsell (EntD) – The future strategy of Huddersfield Lawn Tennis and Squash Club
  • Mr Phillip Clegg ( EntD)- Enterprise support and sustainability

Enterprise Activities

Through his professional experience and research work on social enterprise Walter is involved in a number of interventions designed to generate income for the school through provision of consultancy services.

In 2009, he delivered (under contract from the Charity Bank), over 6 governance and legal structure training workshops across Yorkshire and the Humber on social enterprise legal structures.   Between 2011 and 2012 Walter also delivered training workshops for Nigerian Executives in Lagos, on behalf of the University as part of its enterprise and consultancy activities. 

2014- Legal structures training for social enterprises on behalf of Kirklees Council.

Teaching and Professional Activities

Below is Walter’s current teaching and module leadership duties.

Modules Credits Level

  • Social Entrepreneurship 20 UG Tutor & Module Leader
  • Strategic Management 20 UG Tutor & Module Leader
  • Strategic Management (Hong Kong) 20 UG Tutor & Module Leader
  • Strategic Management 15 PG Tutor & Module Leader
  • Introduction to Project Management 15 PG Module Leader
  • Applied Business Project Management 15 PG Module Leader
  • Dissertation Supervision 60 PG/UG

Membership of Professional bodies

  • FHEA

Research Group - Centre for Sustainable and Resilient Communities (CSRC)

Teaching and Professional Activity

  • May 2014: Delivered PG recruitment seminar – Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais, Brazil
  • January 2014: External Examiner PhD –Liverpool John Moores University