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I joined the University in 2008 as a Senior Lecturer in Psychology, having previously worked at the University of Central Lancashire, and for the Open University. I graduated from the University of Edinburgh with a first class degree in Psychology in 2003, and gained an MSc in Research Methods in Psychology from the University of Liverpool the following year. I then moved to the University of Central Lancashire, where I began my teaching career and doctoral studies, which I completed in 2010. My PhD involved examining the relationship between self-perceptions of physical attractiveness and self-esteem, and I am currently in the process of publishing this work in collaboration with my supervisor, Professor John Archer.
I am currently a member of the Institute for Research in Citizenship and Applied Human Sciences and the Centre for Applied Psychological Research.
My primary research interests involve examining self-perception, self-esteem and interpersonal relationships, drawing on both classical social-cognitive and evolutionary psychological principles, and using experimental and multivariate methods to attempt to understand these. I also conduct research on relationship initiation, and my research on “chat-up lines” attracted a great deal of interest in the national and international press. Recently I have collaborated with colleagues researching areas of mental health such as self-harm and post-traumatic stress disorder.
Bale, C (2018) ‘Self-esteem tracks mate value’. In: Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. : Springer. . ISBN 978-3-319-19649-7
Bale, C (2018) ‘Sex-Specific Link Between Self-Esteem And Mate Value’. In: Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. : Springer. . ISBN 978-3-319-19649-7
Bale, C (2018) ‘Self-Evaluations Track Perceived Mate Value’. In: Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science. : Springer. . ISBN 978-3-319-19649-7
Bate, C., Boduszek, D., Dhingra, K. and Bale, C. (2014) ‘Psychopathy, Intelligence and Emotional Responding in a Non-Forensic Sample: An Experimental Investigation’ Journal of Forensic Psychiatry & Psychology , 25 (4), pp. 600-612. ISSN 1478-9949
Bale, C (2013) ‘Self-perception, Self-esteem and Relationship Behaviour’. In: Psychologists in the Pub: Invited public lecture organised by the British Psychological Society West Midlands Branch, 14th May 2013, Oxford, U.K.
Bale, C (2013) ‘Romantic desirability, self-esteem and relationship behaviour in women’. In: British Psychological Society Annual Conference, 9-11 Apr 2013, Harrogate, UK.
Bale, C. and Archer, J. (2013) ‘Self-Perceived Attractiveness, Romantic Desirability and Self-Esteem: A Mating Sociometer Perspective’ Evolutionary Psychology , 11 (1), pp. 68-84. ISSN 1474-7049
Newton, C. and Bale, C. (2012) ‘A Qualitative Analysis of Perceptions of Self-Harm in Members of the General Public.’ Journal of Public Mental Health , 11 (3), pp. 106-116. ISSN 1746-5729
Bale, C (2012) ‘Investigating causal relationships between self-perceptions of attractiveness and self-esteem in women’. In: British Psychological Society Social Psychology Section Annual Conference, 21-23 August 2012, St Andrews, Scotland
Bale, C (2012) ‘Testing causal relationships between self-perceived attractiveness and self-esteem.’. In: British Psychological Society Annual Conference, 18-20 Apr 2012, London, UK
Bale, C (2011) ‘Testing causal relationships between self-perceived attractiveness and self-esteem.’. In: British Psychological Society North East Branch 4th Annual Conference, 21st Oct 2011, York, UK
Cooper, M., O'Donnell, D., Caryl, P., Morrison, R. and Bale, C. (2007) ‘Chat-up lines as male displays: Effects of content, sex, and personality’ Personality and Individual Differences , 43 (5), pp. 1075-1085. ISSN 01918869
Rogers, K., Coyne, S. and Bale, C. (2007) ‘The effect of early communication on the self-esteem of deaf people’ Deaf Worlds , 23 (1), pp. 44-65. ISSN 1362-3125
Bale, C., Morrison, R. and Caryl, P. (2006) ‘Chat-up lines as male sexual displays’ Personality and Individual Differences , 40 (4), pp. 655-664. ISSN 01918869
I am particularly interested in supervising projects in the following areas:
Course Leader: BSc (Hons) Psychological Studies