Portrait of Dr Stefano Vanin Dr Stefano Vanin

View research degree topics that Dr Stefano Vanin might supervise

s.vanin@hud.ac.uk | 01484 473179



Biography

Dr Stefano Vanin, PhD

Before obtaining my PhD in Evolutionary Biology I got a MPhil in Biology at the University of Padova (Italy). In order to improve my knowledge in Ecology, Entomology and Evolution during my MPhil I spent one year at the University of Paris XI as an Erasmus student.

Since 1994, working at the lab of Prof. M. Turchetto, I have had the opportunity to initiate my own forensic studies, participating in biological evidence collection at the scene crime and/or during the autopsy and from 1998 I have started to provide entomological expertise for different Institutes of Legal Medicine in Northern, Central and Southern Italy.

During my PhD I spent several months at the Biological Station of Roscoff (France) to improve my knowledge of Molecular Biology and Molecular Phylogeny and at the University of Georgia (USA) to improve my competence in Molecular Biology and Biophysics.

After getting my doctorate I worked as a researcher in Entomology for the National Center for Biodiversity (CNBF-CFS). I had a first contract as an Assistant Researcher in Physiology and a second as Assistant Researcher in Genetics at the University of Padova, Department of Biology. I worked on an EC funded project (EUCLOCK) developing genetic and statistical methods and experiments in general and behavioral genetics.

I have considerable teaching experience as a Teaching Assistant, Lecturer and Contract Professor on several types of courses, including Systematics, General Biology, Ecotoxicology, Neurobiology, Entomology (Biodeterioration), Forensic Entomology, Techniques and Tools for collecting and preserving insects and Zoology. I have been invited to give specific lectures on Forensic Entomology to the Italian Scientific Police, to the “Carabinieri” and to the doctors specializing in legal medicine.

In March 2011 I became a Senior Lecturer in Forensic Biology in the School of Applied Sciences, where I lecture in Forensic Entomology, Epidemiology, Data Handling, Crime Scene Investigation, and Evidence Presentation. I also provide workshops on Forensic Entomology and Forensic Ecology.

I am the forensic entomologist of the project for the correct recovery of the skeletons of World War I soldiers found in the Italian Alps and I am working in a project for old human DNA extraction from not conventional substrata, a project for the detection of post-mortal injuries caused by arthropods and other animals and in a project for PMI estimation from burned remains.

Research and Scholarship

PMI estimation of burned remains

Burning prevents the use of the classical thanato-chronological techniques for PMI (Post Mortem Interval) evaluation. Preliminary experiments demonstrate that the entomological approach can be used in case of burned remains. This research deals with the study of burned remains in different conditions and their location (buried after burning, concealed, exposed, etc).

Characterisation of human DNA from old cases

Insect remains can be found in old crime scene in absence of the cadaver. Several examples have been reported from different countries (UK, Italy, France). Insects associated with body decomposition may have human DNA traces on their cuticles. Preliminary investigations on 15 years old puparia collected from a crime scene gave positive results in human DNA extraction. The research deals with the development of a standard technique for human DNA extraction and typing in these cases.

Publications and Other Research Outputs

2017

Bugelli, V., Papi, L., Fornaro, S., Stefanelli, F., Chericoni, S., Giusiani, M., Vanin, S. and Campobasso, C. (2017) ‘Entomotoxicology in burnt bodies: a case of maternal filicide-suicide by fireInternational Journal of Legal Medicine . ISSN 0937-9827

Bartolini, V., Pinchi, V., Gualco, B., Vanin, S., Chiaracane, G., D�Elia, G., Norelli, G. and Focardi, M. (2017) ‘The iliac crest in forensic age estimation: evaluation of three methods in pelvis X-raysInternational Journal of Legal Medicine . ISSN 0937-9827

Lo Pinto, S., Giordani, G., Tuccia, F., Ventura, F. and Vanin, S. (2017) ‘First records of Synthesiomyia nudiseta (Diptera: Muscidae) from forensic cases in ItalyForensic Science International . ISSN 0379-0738

Balla, S., Galic, I., P., K., Vanin, S., De Luca, S. and Cameriere, R. (2017) ‘Validation of third molar maturity index (I 3M ) for discrimination of juvenile/adult status in South Indian populationJournal of Forensic and Legal Medicine , 49, pp. 2-7. ISSN 1752-928X

Dondini, G., Vanin, S., Vergari, S. and Vergari, S. (2017) ‘First record of Basilia mediterranea H?rka, 1970 from Italy (Diptera: Nycteribiidae)Onychium , 13, pp. 139-142. ISSN 1224-2669

Pivato, A., Lavagnolo, M., Manachini, B., Vanin, S., Raga, R. and Beggio, G. (2017) ‘Ecological risk assessment of agricultural soils for the definition of soil screening values: A comparison between substance-based and matrix-based approachesHeliyon , 3 (4), p. e00284. ISSN 2405-8440

Bostock, E., Green, E., Kyriacou, C. and Vanin, S. (2017) ‘Chronobiological studies on body search, oviposition and emergence of Megaselia scalaris (Diptera, Phoridae) in controlled conditionsForensic Science International , 275, pp. 155-159. ISSN 0379-0738

Vanin, S., Bonizzoli, M., Migliaccio, M., Buoninsegni, L., Bugelli, V., Pinchi, V. and Focardi, M. (2017) ‘A case of insect colonization before the deathJournal of Forensic Sciences . ISSN 0022-1198

2016

Pinchi, V., Bartolini, V., Bertol, E., Focardi, M., Mari, F., Ricci, U., Vanin, S. and Norelli, G. (2016) ‘Multiple deaths caused by a fire in a factory: identification and investigative issuesJournal of Forensic Odonto-Stomatology , 33 (2), pp. 47-59. ISSN 2219-6749

Dardouri, A., Cameriere, R., De Luca, S. and Vanin, S. (2016) ‘Third molar maturity index by measurements of open apices in a Libyan sample of living subjectsForensic Science International , 267, p. 230. ISSN 0379-0738

Tuccia, F., Giordani, G. and Vanin, S. (2016) ‘A general review of the most common COI primers for Calliphoridae identification in forensic entomologyForensic Science International: Genetics , 24, p. e9-e11. ISSN 18724973

Tuccia, F., Giordani, G. and Vanin, S. (2016) ‘A combined protocol for identification of maggots of forensic interestScience and Justice , 56 (4), pp. 264-268. ISSN 1355-0306

Pivato, A., Vanin, S., Raga, R., Lavagnolo, M., Barausse, A., Rieple, A., Laurent, A. and Cossu, R. (2016) ‘Use of digestate from a decentralized on-farm biogas plant as fertilizer in soils: An ecotoxicological study for future indicators in risk and life cycle assessmentWaste Management , 49, pp. 378-389. ISSN 0956-053X

De Luca, S., Pacifici, A., Pacifici, L., Polimeni, A., Fischetto, S., Velandia Palacio, L., Vanin, S. and Cameriere, R. (2016) ‘Third molar development by measurements of open apices in an Italian sample of living subjectsJournal of Forensic and Legal Medicine , 38, pp. 36-42. ISSN 1752-928X

2015

Gaudio, D., Betto, A., Vanin, S., De Guio, A., Galassi, A. and Cattaneo, C. (2015) ‘Excavation and Study of Skeletal Remains from a World War I Mass GraveInternational Journal of Osteoarchaeology , 25 (5), pp. 585-592. ISSN 1047482X

Green, E., O�Callaghan, E., Hansen, C., Bastianello, S., Bhutani, S., Vanin, S., Armstrong, J., Costa, R. and Kyriacou, C. (2015) ‘Drosophilacircadian rhythms in seminatural environments: Summer afternoon component is not an artifact and requires TrpA1 channelsProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , 112 (28), pp. 8702-8707. ISSN 0027-8424

Montelli, S., Mazzotta, G., Vanin, S., Caccin, L., Corra, S., De Pitta, C., Boothroyd, C., Green, E., Kyriacou, C. and Costa, R. (2015) ‘Period and timeless mRNA Splicing Profiles under Natural Conditions in Drosophila melanogasterJournal of Biological Rhythms , 30 (3), pp. 217-227. ISSN 0748-7304

Bugelli, V., Forni, D., Bassi, L., Di Paolo, M., Marra, D., Lenzi, S., Toni, C., Giusiani, M., Domenici, R., Gherardi, M. and Vanin, S. (2015) ‘Forensic Entomology and the Estimation of the Minimum Time Since Death in Indoor CasesJournal of Forensic Sciences , 60 (2), pp. 525-531. ISSN 0022-1198

Mazzarelli, D., Vanin, S., Gibelli, D., Maistrello, L., Porta, D., Rizzi, A. and Cattaneo, C. (2015) ‘Splitting hairs: differentiating between entomological activity, taphonomy, and sharp force trauma on hairForensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology , 11 (1), pp. 104-110. ISSN 1547-769X

2014

Pivato, A., Vanin, S., Lavagnolo, M. and Raga, R. (2014) ‘Insects for Life: a new international collaboration for manure management and biofuel production using maggots’. In: Venice 2014 - Fifth International Symposium on Energy from Biomass and Waste, 17–20 November 2014, Venice, Italy

Pivato, A., Raga, R., Vanin, S. and Rossi, M. (2014) ‘Assessment of compost quality for its environmentally safe use by means of an ecotoxicological test on a soil organismJournal of Material Cycles and Waste Management , 16 (4), pp. 763-774. ISSN 1438-4957

Vanin, S (2014) ‘Te lo dice l'insettoIBC. Informazioni commenti inchieste sui beni culturali , 12 (2).

Vanin, S (2014) ‘Crime Scene Insects: una passeggiata tra l’entomologia forense e l’archeoentomologia funeraria’. In: Dai «casi freddi» ai «casi caldi». Le indagini storiche e forensi fra saperi giuridici e investigazioni scientifiche. Milan, Italy: CEDAM. pp. 115-126.

2013

Madour, A., Alkout, A. and Vanin, S. (2013) ‘First evaluation of the serum level of anti-hepatitis B surface antigen after vaccination in LibyaEastern Mediterranean Health Journal , 19 (12), pp. 990-994. ISSN 1020-3397

Vanin, S (2013) ‘Entomologia Forense’. In: Medicina legale e delle assicurazioni. 2nd Edition. Limena, Italy: libreriauniversitaria. . ISBN 978-88-299-2323-6

Vanin, S., Zanotti, E., Gibelli, D., Taborelli, A., Andreola, S. and Cattaneo, C. (2013) ‘Decomposition and entomological colonization of charred bodies – a pilot studyCroatian Medical Journal CMJ , 54 (4), pp. 387-393. ISSN 0353-9504

McHugh, M., Bills, P. and Vanin, S. (2013) ‘PMI estimation in submerged bones: a new strategy’. In: International Conference on Forensic Sciences, 8th-9th July 2013, London

Marchetti, D., Arena, E., Boschi, I. and Vanin, S. (2013) ‘Human DNA extraction from empty pupariaForensic Science International , 229 (1-3), p. e26-e29. ISSN 03790738

Pivato, A., Vanin, S., Palmeri, L., Barausse, A., Mangione, G., Rasera, M. and Gianluca, M. (2013) ‘Biopotentiality as an index of environmental compensation for composting plantsWaste Management . ISSN 0956053X

Dutto, M., Pellegrino, M. and Vanin, S. (2013) ‘Nosocomial myiasis in a patient with diabetesJournal of Hospital Infection , 83 (1), pp. 74-76. ISSN 0195-6701

Menegazzi, P., Vanin, S., Yoshii, T., Rieger, D., Hermann, C., Dusik, V., Kyriacou, C., Helfrich-Forster, C. and Costa, R. (2013) ‘Drosophila Clock Neurons under Natural ConditionsJournal of Biological Rhythms , 28 (1), pp. 3-14. ISSN 0748-7304

Vanin, S., Mazzariol, S., Menandro, M., Lafisca, A. and Turchetto, M. (2013) ‘Myiasis by Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae) in a Python Affected by PulmonitisJournal of Medical Entomology , 50 (1), pp. 209-211(3). ISSN 0022-2585

2012

Vanin, S (2012) ‘Archeoentomologia funeraria: risultati e prospettive dallo studio delle mummie di Roccapelago’. In: Roccapelago e le sue mummie: studio integrato della vita di una piccola comunità dell’Appennino tra XVI e XVIII secolo. Modena, Italy: Academy Editions. pp. 225-229. ISBN 9788894196900

Vanin, S., Bhutani, S., Montelli, S., Menegazzi, P., Green, E., Pegoraro, M., Sandrelli, F., Costa, R. and Kyriacou, C. (2012) ‘Unexpected features of Drosophila circadian behavioural rhythms under natural conditionsNature , 484 (7394), pp. 371-375. ISSN 00280836

Vanin, S (2012) ‘Carrion breeding fauna from a grass snake (Natrix natrix) found in an artificial nestLavoro Societa Veneziana di Scienze Naturali , 37, pp. 73-76.

2011

Vanin, S. and Zancaner, S. (2011) ‘Post-mortal lesions in freshwater environmentForensic Science International , 212 (1-3), p. e18-e20. ISSN 03790738

Adler, B., Th�ves, C., Senescau, A., Vanin, S., Keyser, C., Ricaut, F., Alekseev, A., Dabernat, H., Ludes, B., Fabre, R. and Crub�zy, E. (2011) ‘Molecular Identification of Bacteria by Total Sequence Screening: Determining the Cause of Death in Ancient Human SubjectsPLoS ONE , 6 (7), p. e21733. ISSN 1932-6203

Vanin, S., Gherardi, M., Bugelli, V. and Di Paolo, M. (2011) ‘Insects found on a human cadaver in central Italy including the blowfly Calliphora loewi (Diptera, Calliphoridae), a new species of forensic interestForensic Science International , 207 (1-3), p. e30-e33. ISSN 03790738

Langowski, J., Leonardi, E., Andreazza, S., Vanin, S., Busolin, G., Nobile, C. and Tosatto, S. (2011) ‘A Computational Model of the LGI1 Protein Suggests a Common Binding Site for ADAM ProteinsPLoS ONE , 6 (3), p. e18142. ISSN 1932-6203

2010

Turchetto, M. and Vanin, S. (2010) ‘Climate change and Forensic entomology’. In: Current Concepts in Forensic Entomology. New York, USA: Springer. pp. 327-352. ISBN 978-1-4020-9683-9

Hagvar, S., Vanin, S. and Ostbye, E. (2010) ‘Contribution to the Fennoscandian distribution of Chionea Dalman, 1816 (Diptera, Limoniidae), with notes on the ecologyNorwegian Journal of Entomology , 57 (2), pp. 166-176. ISSN 1501-8415

Bertazzon, N., Borgo, M., Vanin, S. and Angelini, E. (2010) ‘Genetic variability and pathological properties of Grapevine Leafroll-associated Virus 2 isolatesEuropean Journal of Plant Pathology , 127 (2), pp. 185-197. ISSN 0929-1873

Vanin, S. and Vernier, E. (2010) ‘Contribution to the knowledge of the Nycteribiidae (Diptera) from Venetian RegionParassitologia , 51 (4), pp. 61-64. ISSN 0048-2951

Vanin, S (2010) ‘Two new species of snow fly Chionea from Italian Alps (Diptera: Limoniidae).Lavoro Societa Veneziana di Scienze Naturali , 35, pp. 5-12.

2009

Yoshii, T., Vanin, S., Costa, R. and Helfrich-Forster, C. (2009) ‘Synergic Entrainment of Drosophila's Circadian Clock by Light and TemperatureJournal of Biological Rhythms , 24 (6), pp. 452-464. ISSN 0748-7304

Toppo, S., Floh�, L., Ursini, F., Vanin, S. and Maiorino, M. (2009) ‘Catalytic mechanisms and specificities of glutathione peroxidases: Variations of a basic schemeBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - General Subjects , 1790 (11), pp. 1486-1500. ISSN 03044165

Vanin, S., Caenazzo, L., Arseni, A., Cecchetto, G., Cattaneo, C. and Turchetto, M. (2009) ‘Records of Chrysomya albiceps in Northern Italy: an ecological and forensic perspectiveMemórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 104 (4), pp. 555-557. ISSN 0074-0276

Vanin, S., Turchetto, M., Galassi, A. and Cattaneo, C. (2009) ‘Forensic Entomology and the Archaeology of WarJournal of Conflict Archaeology , 5 (1), pp. 127-139. ISSN 1574-0773

2008

Vanin, S (2008) ‘Asteiidae’. In: Diptera Stelviana. A dipterological perspective on a changing alpine landscape. Results from a survey of the biodiversity of Diptera (Insecta) in the Stilfserjoch National Park (Italy).. Halle, Germany: AMPYX-Verlag. pp. 138-140. ISBN 978-3-932795-30-5

Bailly, X., Vanin, S., Chabasse, C., Mizuguchi, K. and Vinogradov, S. (2008) ‘A phylogenomic profile of hemerythrins, the nonheme diiron binding respiratory proteinsBMC Evolutionary Biology , 8 (1), pp. 244-254. ISSN 1471-2148

Lencioni, V., Bernabo, P., Vanin, S., Dimuro, P. and Beltramini, M. (2008) ‘Respiration rate and oxy-regulatory capacity in cold stenothermal chironomidsJournal of Insect Physiology , 54 (9), pp. 1337-1342. ISSN 00221910

Toppo, S., Vanin, S., Bosello, V. and Tosatto, S. (2008) ‘Evolutionary and Structural Insights Into the Multifaceted Glutathione Peroxidase (Gpx) SuperfamilyAntioxidant Redox Signaling , 10 (9), pp. 1501-1514. ISSN 1523-0864

Vanin, S (2008) ‘Utilità e limiti dell’identificazione tramite DNA delle specie di insetti di interesse forense in Italia e EuropaRivista italiana di medicina legale , 30 (6), pp. 1403-1411. ISSN 1124-3376

Vanin, S., Bubacco, L. and Beltramini, M. (2008) ‘Seasonal variation of the trehalose and glycerol concentration in winter-snow active insects.CryoLetters , 29 (6), pp. 485-491. ISSN 0143-2044

Vanin, S (2008) ‘Chionea (Chionea) mirabilis n. sp., a new species of snow fly (Insecta, Diptera, Limoniidae) from KoreaZoosystema , 30 (2), pp. 413-418. ISSN 1280-9551

Vanin, S. and Masutti, L. (2008) ‘Studies on the distribution and ecology of snow flies Chionea lutescens and Chionea alpina(Diptera, Limoniidae) in ItalyItalian Journal of Zoology , 75 (2), pp. 147-153. ISSN 1125-0003

Vanin, S., Tasinato, P., Ducolin, G., Terranova, C., Zancaner, S., Montisci, M., Ferrara, S. and Turchetto, M. (2008) ‘Use of Lucilia species for forensic investigations in Southern EuropeForensic Science International , 177 (1), pp. 37-41. ISSN 03790738

Dallai, R., Lombardo, B., Mercati, D., Vanin, S. and Lupetti, P. (2008) ‘Sperm structure of Limoniidae and their phylogenetic relationship with Tipulidae (Diptera, Nematocera)Arthropod Structure & Development , 37 (1), pp. 81-92. ISSN 14678039

Vanin, S. and Masutti, L. (2008) ‘New localities for the snow flies Chionea alpina and Chionea lutescens (Diptera, Limoniidae).Lavoro Societa Veneziana di Scienze Naturali , 33, pp. 95-96.

Vanin, S. and Turchetto, M. (2008) ‘La faune entomologique des sites enneigés en permanences dans le Massif des Dolomites (Italie).’. In: Insectes d’altitude, insectes en altitude. Actes des premières rencontres entomologiques du Massif central. Saint-Gervais-sous-Meymont, France: Actes des premières rencontres entomologiques du Massif central. p. 59.

Research Degree Supervision

Postgraduate research opportunities with Dr Stefano Vanin

2017-18

PhD