EVI (English Viol Images)

The Image Database of Making the Tudor Viol


EVI images are shown for reference only and must not be reproduced
or disseminated in any medium (electronic or hard copy)




EVI will include every image known to us that meets all three of these criteria:

  1. depicts a viol
  2. made in England 
  3. made 1500-1800

... and a few others.

We hope no offence will be caused if, despite the title, we include (very rare) images from Scotland.

It is often unclear whether instruments in images are intended to be viols, or another particular type of instrument, or a musical instrument of unspecified type, but a view is taken about what is shown.

Each image is accompanied by essential information such as who created it and when it first appeared.

When an image is referred to on our book (EEV - see below), this will be mentioned in the Comments section of the image's Record View.

Users may find many of these screen images to be of low quality, but their sole purpose is to identify the original images, not to enable analysis (or enjoyment!) of them.

We invite your corrections and additions (see below for how to do this)

For explanations of abbreviations used, see below

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There are two ways to view EVI data:

  1. Record View presents a single Record – all the data about a single image
  2. List View summarises key data about all the images

Change between List View and Record View by clicking the ‘Go to’ button near the top of the page.

To Sort the records according to one type of information, such as Date:

            In Record View choose a category from the “Sort by” drop-down menu.

            In List View, just click on the appropriate column heading.

Passing the cursor over a thumbnail image brings up a larger view.
To remove large view click outside the image or on the “x” (below right).

How to cite EVI and its content:

The EVI website is provided by the Making the Tudor Viol project at the University of Huddersfield. Its URL is www.hud.ac.uk/viol/database

To cite images from EVI please use the the EVI numbers described below.

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EVI is permanently open to improvement.

We currently know between 150-200 images, of which about two thirds are currently shown - the rest are gradually being added.

There are surely more images that meet our criteria, and some of the information presented here may be inaccurate or incomplete.

If you ...

  • have additional information about any EVI images
  • notice an error in the data presented
  • know any other relevant images
  • can provide a better version of any image shown
  • have any questions or comments about EVI or the Making the Tudor Viol project

                                    ... please email m.fleming@hud.ac.uk  or  j.h.bryan@hud.ac.uk

How to comment:

Every image has an ‘EVI number’ - data details are identified by suffixes added to this number (visible on Record View).

Please use these numbers for corrections and comments about EVI images.

For example, refer to EVI 004/09 if you can identify the designer of that tapestry.

Note: EVI numbers represent the order in which images were collected, they have no other significance.

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A&D Anthony Wells-Cole, Art and Decoration in Elizabethan and Jacobean England, (Yale: NewHaven & London, 1997).
Apted M.R.Apted, The Painted Ceilings of Scotland 1550-1650, (HMSO: Edinburgh, 1966).
Bartsch Bartsch, Adam, Le Peintre graveur, 21 vols, (Vienna, 1803).
BL British Library, London
BM British Museum, London. N.B. their search facility is case- and punctuation-sensitive, so to find an image on the BM website using the reference number given here, enter the reference exactly as it is shown.
BOD Bodleian Library, Oxford
BV  John Milnes (ed.), The British Violin (Oxford, 2000).
EEBO  Early English Books Online, http://eebo.chadwyck.com/home
EEV  Michael Fleming and John Bryan, Early English Viols: Instruments, Makers and Music (Routledge: Abingdon, 2016)
Fagan  Louis Fagan, A Descriptive Catalogue of the engraved works of William Faithorne, (London, 1888).
Fraenkel  Gottfried S. Fraenkel, Decorative Music Title Pages, (Dover: New York, 1968).
Hind  A. M. Hind, Engraving in England in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries: A Descriptive Catalogue with Introduction I: The Tudor Period (Cambridge, 1952).  II: The Reign of James I (Cambridge, 1955). A. M. Hind (compiled from Hind’s notes by Margery Corbett and Michael Norton), Engraving in England in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries: A Descriptive Catalogue with Introduction III: The Reign of Charles I (Cambridge, 1964).
Holman 1993

 Peter Holman, Four and Twenty Fiddlers. The Violin at the English Court 1540-1690, (Oxford, 1993).

Huntington  Huntington Library, San Marino, California
Lewis 1985  Boorsch, S.; Lewis, R. E., The Engravings of Giorgio Ghisi, 1985.
Lewis 1998  Lesley Lewis, The Thomas More Family Group Portraits after Holbein, (Trowbridge, 1998).
LSJ[Ward]  John M. Ward ‘Sprightly and Cheerful Musick’, Lute Society Journal XXI, 1979-81.
MF  Michael Fleming
NG  National Gallery, London
NPG  National Portrait Gallery, London
O’Connell  Sheila O’Connell, The Popular Print in England 1550-1850 (London, 1999).
OXCMS  Oxfordshire County Museums Service
pc  private collection
Pennington  Richard Pennington, A Descriptive Catalogue of the Etched Work of Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-1677) (Cambridge, 1982). (now superseded by volumes of New Hollstein 2009-10).
RAM  Royal Academy of Music, London
V&A  Victoria and Albert Museum, London
VME  Michael Fleming, Viol-Making in England c1580-1660. PhD thesis, Milton Keynes, 2001.


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