Introduction

Wetland management for sustainable livelihoods has been a key concern of staff at SRC over many years. Building from a field research project in Ethiopia in the 1990s, SRC staff have helped developed one international and one national institutions which focus on wetland management and have contributed to international studies. The culmination of this work has been a recent publication of a book on “Wetland Management and Sustainable Livelihoods in Africa”.

A key focus of the work with wetlands has been to change the paradigm of international thinking about these areas from conservation to sustainable utilisation. This is critical in order to address development goals and to cope with climate change.
Through collaboration Wetland Action, SRC staff have been engaged in a global study of the interaction between agriculture and wetlands in order to identify new policies to address this area of traditional conflict. With the Ethio-Wetlands and Natural Resources Association work has been undertaken on institutions for sustainable wetland management.

Multiple use of wetlands for a range of livelihood benefits, within a landscape perspective has been supported by SRC research, along with the development of wetland enterprises and management institutions. In these ways sustainable livelihoods can be developed which are resilient in the face of climate change, natural disasters and the evolving economic situation.

 

Sustainable Wetland Management

A key focus of the work with wetlands is to change the paradigm of thinking about these areas from conservation to sustainable utilisation.

Local Institutions

Research on indigenous knowledge has drawn attention to traditional institutions that play an important role in natural resource management.

Indigenous Knowledge

Much of SRC’s research has focused on the contribution of Indigenous knowledge in resource management and sustainable livelihoods.

Wetlands and Food Security

Wetlands play a critical role in the survival of many communities across the world, particularly in semi-arid areas

Climate Change and Wetlands

Wetlands play a vital role in the carbon cycle and wetland loss may have impacts which encourage global warming and climate change.

Wetland Policy

The need for policies to achieve the appropriate management of wetlands is now widely recognized as these areas are under pressure.

Gender and Socio-Economics

The benefits from natural resources are not evenly distributed.

Wetland Desertification

One neglected aspect of this challenge is the loss of wetlands through drainage and degradation.

Participatory Methods

Stakeholder participation in natural resource management and development strategies is fundamental to achieving long-term sustainability