Thematic analysis of qualitative data

Braun, V. and Clarke, V. (2006) ‘Using thematic analysis in psychology’. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3, 77-101

Crabtree, B.F. and Miller, W.L. (1999) ‘Using codes and code manuals: a template organizing style of interpretation’, in B.F. Crabtree and W.L. Miller, (eds.), Doing Qualitative Research, 2nd edition. Newbury Park, California: Sage

King, N. (1998) ‘Template analysis’, in G.Symon and C.Cassell (eds.) Qualitative Methods and Analysis in Organizational Research. London: Sage

Johnson, P. (1998) ‘Analytic induction’, in G.Symon and C.Cassell (eds.) Qualitative Methods and Analysis in Organizational Research. London: Sage

King, N. (2012) ‘Doing template analysis’, in G.Symon and C.Cassell (eds.) Qualitative Organizational Research: Core Methods and Current Challenges. London: Sage

Miles, M.B. and Huberman, A.M. (1994) Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage

Smith, J. (1996) Beyond the divide between cognition and discourse: using interpretative phenomenological analysis in health psychology. Psychology and Health11, 261-71

Examples of research using template analysis

Andriotis, K., (2010). Brits Behaving Badly - Template Analysis of Newspaper Content. International Journal of Tourism Anthropology, 1(1): 15-34

Au, W. (2007) High-stakes testing and curricular control: a qualitative metasynthesis, Educational Researcher36 (5): 258–267

Brooks, Joanna and King, Nigel (2012) Qualitative psychology in the real world: The utility of template analysis. Paper presented at British Psychological Society Annual Conference, 18th - 20th April, London, UK. Full text download

Goldschmidt, D., Schmidt, L., Krasnik, A., Christensen, U. and Groenvold, M. Expectations to and evaluation of a palliative home-care team as seen by patients and carers. Supportive Care in Cancer, 14: 1232-1240.

Gollop, R., Whitby, E., Buchanan, D. & Ketley, D. (2004) Influencing sceptical staff to become supporters of service improvement: A qualitative study of doctors’ and managers’ views. Quality and Safety in Health Care13: 108-114

Kent, G. (2000) Understanding the experiences of people with disfigurements: An integration of four models of social and psychological functioning. Psychology, Health & Medicine, 5 (2): 117-129.

King, N., Carroll, C., Newton, P. and Dornan, T. (2002) ‘You can't cure it so you have to endure it’: The experience of adaptation to diabetic renal disease. Qualitative Health Research, 12 (3): 329-346.

King, N., Bell, D., Martin, N. and Farrell, S. (2003) Gold Standards Framework, Phase 2: Qualitative Case Study Evaluation – Final Report. Primary Care Research Group, School of Human and Health Sciences, University of Huddersfield

King, N., Thomas, K., Bell, D. and Bowes, N. (2003). Evaluation of the Calderdale and Kirklees Out of Hours Protocol for Palliative Care: Final Report. Primary Care Research Group, School of Human and Health Sciences, University of Huddersfield

King, N., Thomas, K. and Bell, D. (2003) An out-of-hours protocol for community palliative care: practitioners’ perspectives. International Journal of Palliative Nursing (7): 277-282

King, N, Bell, D and Thomas, K (2004) Family carers’ experiences of out-of-hours community palliative care: a qualitative study. International Journal of Palliative Nursing10 (2), 76-83

McCluskey, S., Brooks, J., King, N. and Burton, K. (2011) The influence of 'significant others' on persistent back pain and work participation: a qualitative exploration of illness perceptions. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders12:236  doi:10.1186/1471-2474-12-236

McDowall A and Saunders MNK (2010) UK managers conceptions of training and development Journal of European Industrial Training 34.7 609-630, available at

Poppleton, S., Briner, R.B. & Kiefer, T. (2008) The roles of context and everyday experience in understanding work–non-work relationships: A qualitative diary study of white- and blue-collar Workers. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 81 (3): 481-502.

Raub, S. and von Wittich, D. (2004) Implementing knowledge management: Three strategies for effective CKOs. European Management Journal20 (6): 714-724.

Rodriguez, A. and King, N. (2009) ‘The lived experience of parenting a child with a life-limiting condition: A focus on the mental health realm. Palliative and Supportive Care , 7 (01), pp. 7-12. ISSN 1478-9515, available at

Stratton, P., McGovern, M,. Wetherell, A. and Farrington, C. (2006) Family therapy practitioners researching the reactions of practitioners to an outcome measure. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Family Therapy27 (4): 199-207

Waring, T. and Wainwright, D. (2008) Issues and Challenges in the Use of Template Analysis: Two Comparative Case Studies from the Field. The Electronic Journal of Business Research Methods, 6 (1) 2008: 85 - 94, available online at

General texts on qualitative research

Murphy, E., Dingwall, R., Greatbatch, D., Parker, S., and Watson, P. (1998) Qualitative research methods in health technology assessment: a review of the literature. Health Technology Assessment12: 16.

Seale, C. (1999) The Quality of Qualitative Research. London: Sage.

Willig, C. (2001) Introducing Qualitative Research in Psychology: Adventures in Theory and Method. Buckingham: Open University Press.